Arunachal Pradesh Climate Climate varies across Arunachal In proportion to the altitude, the weather of Arunachal Pradesh differs though overall it has a pleasant and temperate climate. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Links to YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other services inserted in the comment text will be automatically embedded. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. Himachal Pradesh is a northern State and situated the southern of the mighty Himalayas. Mountains cover close to 20 percent of the Earth's surface, providing a home to approximately one-tenth of the global human population. The state has areas like Dharamsala that receive very heavy rainfall, as well as those like Lahaul and Spiti that are cold and almost rainless. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh-. Weather in Himachal Pradesh. The geography of the region represents mid hill to high hills in the region (Bhagat et al;2007). Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of … The average monthly temperature of the summer months varies from 26 degree celsius in lower outer valleys to 14 degree centgrade in the inner valley zone and that of winter months from 13 degree centgrade to 4 degree centigrade.Temperature also increases with increasing altitude. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … Attachment In dhauldhar and Pir panjal ranges, rainfall start decreaing towards Lahaul spiti and Kinnaur. The study examined the impacts of climate change on water resources, viz., surplus / deficit water balance, snowfall trends and surface water flow of major rivers of Himachal Pradesh. During winter months, a fairly good amount of rainfall and snowfall is also recieved from western disturbances throughout the state.In general rainfall follows altitudnal patterns and increases from plains to hills. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. This elevation zone represents 16.0% of the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh. HIGH HILL ZONE : It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. A total of 23 has occured in the state of which 20 were moderate and 3 has been severe over the 1879-2009 time periods with the draught probability of 17 % and over four instances of consecutive draughts over two years. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. 25D, Chandigarh, 160014 SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. Winter lasts from late November till mid March. Stamp’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. 3. The basic pattern of weather in Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following systems. Annual Rainfall: 160 cm. According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. The analysis on surplus water balance clearly showed decreasing trends in all the agro-climatic zones during past three decades. You can upload: image. Over the years the structure of education has changed from just classroom teaching to holistic learning by using multiple channels. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, … Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. Climate and Average Weather in Himachal Pradesh, India. Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. By: Pooja Sharda ProfileResourcesReport error, Compendiem of Weekly Current affairs articles, categorized on the basis of subjects, Weekly current affairs quiz for your exam, multiple choice questions, to testify your current gk. Summer lasts from mid April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in alpine zone which experience mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C(90 °F). Temperature in general decreases from south to north. The planet’s oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes – oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. The maximum upload file size: 2 MB. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. The rainfall is caused by south-west monsoons in summer and by … ‘Study on impact of climate change on animals of Himachal Pradesh’ Himachal Pradesh: 2.5-year-old drowns in open septic tank of health centre … climate change are analyzed and compared for different agro climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. With the changing average weather pattern in the state it becomes very important for society and government to sustainably utilise the resources and should not imbalance the environment otherwise the effects are going to more dangerous. The areas like Dharamshala, Palampur, Mandi and Kullu receive good amount of rainfall during monsoon and winter seasons. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Required fields are marked *. Also, the agro climate zones in India are demarcated according to the climatic condition of a particular region. The climate zones in India help us to determine the selection of crops which are suitable to the elements of climate for a region. In this article, I will discuss the important climate zones in India with the help of Maps. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states of India. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. Your email address will not be published. The regions also receive snowfall in high hills during winter months and serve as a great source of fresh water in Beas Basin of Himachal Pradesh. The state occupies 9% area of India in which 16% population of the country resides. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. send mail to support@abhimanu.com mentioning your email id and mobileno registered with us! The climate varies across the state with the altitude. The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. COLD DRY ZONE : It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. In Mandi, the average annual temperature is 21.7 °C | 71.0 °F. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. Kendrew. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. Climate in south India is generally hotter than north India. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East. Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Agro-climatic Zones of Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh is located in the Northern India between latitude 24 0 to 31 0 and longitude 77 0 to 84 0 east. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwa. The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate. in the Higher and Trans-Himalayan region).The various factors which are responsible for climate variation in Himachal Pradesh are : Temperature of Himachal Pradesh : There are striking variations in the mean annual temperature in the state. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Himachal Pradesh - Climate There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. 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About 1679 mm | 66.1 inch of precipitation falls annually. Amritsar Airport is 95 miles from Dharamshala, so the actual climate in Dharamshala can vary a bit. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. The height from the mean sea level varies from 350 to 6975 meters. This is extremely important because as these and other changes become more pronounced in the coming decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and our environment, but it can be tackled by not hampering the natural resources, reduce pollution to the maximum level so taht the balance must remain with both environment and development. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. ✓Comprising of parts of Chamba, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour districts and inner most of Shimla and Kullu districts. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. The high altitude areas near the Himalayas observe tundra (or alpine) climate, while those at … The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. Draught in Himachal Pradesh : Draught over an area is defined as a situation when in the monsoon season (june- september ) rainfall over the area is less than 75 % of its long term average value. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, alpine and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges with higher elevation. Mandi climate summary. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. Sub-Tropical Sub Mountain Low-Hills Zone: This zone comprises of low hills and valley areas up to an elevation of 914 meters above sea level Climate: Semi-tropical – Semi – arctic. The total area of the U.P. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. ✓This zone lies from 1801m to 2200m above sea level with humid temperature climate and alpine pastures. Stamp used 18°C isotherm of mean monthly temperature for January to divide the country into two broad climatic regions – Temperate or continental zone in the north and Climate data and weather averages in Dharamshala. L. Dudley Stamp’s classification of Indian climate is much similar to that suggested by W.G. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. 3.2 Past & Current Climate Change Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.1 Climatic Patterns 3.2.2 Current Climate Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.3 Glaciers & Snow Fields in Himachal Himalaya 3.2.4 Conclusions 3.2.4.1 Temperature 3.2.4.2 Precipitations 3.2.4.3 Extreme Events 3.3. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State.

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