40 ($0.24/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save. Tracy is susceptible to anthracnose, red rot, zonate leaf spot, and rust. Simon is better adapted to areas north of central Indiana and Ohio. It is resistant to anthracnose and maize dwarf mosaic and is moderately susceptible to bacterial stripe. The “Dale” variety is productive in a range of climates, or you can try heirloom sweet sorghum varieties like “Sugar Drip” or “Rox Orange.” This variety gives good yields and also produces lots of grain. A new hybrid of sweet sorghum called Tianza No.2, which has high yields of both grain and fermentable sugars (5.0 tons ha −1 grain yield and 16.1 BX juice sugar degree), is bred by Shenyang Agriculture University. The biggest advantage of Della is that it matures one week earlier than Dale and thus would let you start cooking a little earlier in the fall. Original source: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr122/agr122.htm, Our source: http://esse-community.eu/articles/some-of-the-main-sweet-sorghum-varieties/, The Oil Industry's Campaign to Discredit Ethanol, The Energetics of Ethanol: An Introduction and Link to Studies, The Net Energy of Ethanol Debate Must End, Alcohol Fuel: The Key to Solving Climate Change, Ethanol Gasoline Blends and Small Engines, Mileage Gains Using Ethanol Seen 20% Higher Than EPA Says. It was released from the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi. It yields a high tonnage of stalks, but the syrup yield per ton of stalks is low. The work we did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, and Tennessee. Do It Yourself! This is a relatively early-maturing variety … <, Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. At this stage, sorghum x sudans will generally have TDN values in excess of 53 - 60% and CP concentrations of 9 - 15%. Some of the most important sweet sorghum varieties released at international level are Rio, Dale, Brandes, Theis, Roma, Vani, Ramada and Keller. Sweet sorghum syrup has shown good antioxidant properties and is found to be useful in food, beverage [16], Bitzer, Morris. A sorghum variety called "Karamaka" proved to be truly remarkable. It matures about the same time as Tracy. Some of the most important sweet sorghum varieties released at international level are Rio, Dale, Brandes, Theis, Roma, Vani, Ramada and Keller. It is highly resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot, has moderate resistance to downy mildew, and is tolerant to maize dwarf mosaic virus. Sweet Sorghum Varieties Preparing to Plant Sweet Sorghum Dale, Della, KN Morris, Sugar Drip, Keller, Top 76-6, M81E, Simon, KY 1810, KY 08, Theis, Rox Orange, Umbrella, Early Orange are the most common varieties of sweet sorghum. Web. Della, a mid-season variety with good disease resistance, was developed by Bob Harrison, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and released in December 1991. Black Sorghum. The yield of syrup from M8IE is generally superior to Dale. 4.6 out of 5 stars 296. Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. Currently, less than 1 million US gallons (3,800 m3) are produced annually in the U.S. Presently it is grown on large area as a fodder crop. One species, Sorghum bicolor, native to Africa with many cultivated forms now, is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses" ), animal fodder, the … Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is one among the leading potential crops for biofuel production [8]. Sugar Drip is an early mid-season variety of unknown origin. For one thing, Karamaka had a protein that was unusually nutritious. [14] The crop is particularly suitable for growing in dryland conditions, as it only extracts one-seventh of the water used by sugarcane. [12] Texas A&M University ran trials to ascertain the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. Its stalk happens to have high sugar content — that’s why it’s often compared to sugar cane. The stalks are erect and juicy. Newer sweet sorghum line have significantly higher yield than the old sweet sorghum varieties… $23.40 $ 23. Thick, juicy stalks make for mighty fine sorghum syrup once squeezed and boiled down over a wood fire. The following varieties were trialled in the major feasibility … Brown midrib (BMR) varieties are usually preferred varieties for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties. Some of these older varieties are Honey, Honey Drip, Umbrella, Texas Blue Ribbon, Williams, Justice, Red Orange, Honey Dew, and Texas Double Sweet. Della matures about one week earlier than Dale and about 6 days later than Sugar Drip. It has late maturity similar to Brandes and Wiley. Grain sorghum can take many shapes and sizes from a tight-headed, round panicle to an open, droopy panicle that can be short or tall. In the early 1860s, the American Civil War not only disrupted both interstate and maritime commerce but also diverted commodities from civilian to military purchases; these factors rendered some food and fiber supplies, including sugar cane and the sugar and molasses made from it, unreliable and expensive. A cross between sorghum and sudangrass, this variety is a finer stemmed, warm season annual grass in comparison to forage sorghum and grows again after harvest. Hybrid Madhura was developed by "Nimkar Agricultural Research Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra". It has performed well in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and New York. Used for green chop, grazing, silage and hay, sorghum … What kinds of stills are there and what are the differences? 1346-45 Heirloom Honey drip Sorghum … Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas … There's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum to make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol. Sweet As is a sweet sorghum variety that has high yield and sugar levels. Some of the Main Sweet Sorghum Varieties. ", "One Year on, Sikkim Proves Why the Rest of India Must Adopt Organic Practices for a Bright Future", "From Food to Fodder, Here's How This Magic Plant Can Take Care of Our Needs", "Sweet sorghum – Opportunities for a new renewable fuel and food industry in Australia", Ceres and Texas A&M to Develop and Market High-Biomass Sorghum for Biofuels, "Sweet Sorghum : A New "Smart Biofuel Crop, "Icrisat embarks on biofuels initiative for dryland farmers", National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association, List of Sweet Sorghum Renewable Energy Projects, Report on small-scale sweet sorghum production and processing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_sorghum&oldid=996206427, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 03:57. It does produce a high quality syrup. It is a few days later than Tracy in maturity. Forage Sorghum… Active sweet sorghum breeding programs are under way in several states. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane) is heavily labor-intensive. and pharmaceutical industries[7]. The syrup quality can be excellent, but under some conditions the juice may contain too much starch for proper boiling. In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. Theis may grow to 12 to 16 feet tall, but it has good lodging resistance. Stalks are shorter and juicier than those of Tracy. Drought tolerant. Dale is a mid-season variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. It is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot. It had more than the normal amount of protein but, more … It is a late-maturing variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually remain erect. Build a Small-Scale Ethanol Fuel Plant, How to Use Enzymes to Convert Starch to Fermentable Sugars, Links - websites, supplies, how-to, home brew, Vendors of Equipment and Supplies to Produce and Use Ethanol, A Modern Dairy's Experience with Homegrown Ethanol Fuel, "Makin' It On the Farm" - Historical Success Stories, Studies Show Energy Beets Can Be Grown in Non-Traditional Sugarbeet Areas, A Shortcut to the Production of High Ethanol Concentration from Jerusalem Artichoke Tubers, Feasibility of Ethanol Production from Cheese Whey and Fruit Pomace in NYS, The Peak Oil Crisis: The German Army Report, Due Diligence: How to Evaluate a Renewable Energy Technology, Albert A. Bartlett: Ode to a Gentle Giant, Power from the People, by Greg Pahl - Reviews, Locally Owned Wind And Ethanol—Better, Not Bigger, Urban Fuel Coop Design & Analysis - Introduction, http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr122/agr122.htm, http://esse-community.eu/articles/some-of-the-main-sweet-sorghum-varieties/. The syrup has a mild sorghum flavor, amber color, and excellent quality. Della does not resist lodging as much as Dale and is more variable in plant height. Sorghum also favours a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8 on a Calcium Chloride Scale. N.p. HEIRLOOM VARIETY TRIALS were clearly sweet sorghum. Grain Sorghum. 2021 SWEET SORGHUM SEED ORDER FORM IMPORTANT: Please review all order information in this paragraph prior to placing your order. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 are the sweet sorghum cultures identified by the "All IndiaCoordinated sorghum improvement project at National level". Tracy is a mid-season variety developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and released in 1953. It has a fairly small stalk, low juice yield, and is susceptible to most sorghum diseases. We did work with some new sweet sorghum varieties: M-81E, Dale, and Topper. Thrives in the heat. Sweet sorghum, also called cane sorghum, is grown for the sweet juice that is extracted from the tall stalks. M8IE is a late-maturing variety which matures a few days later than Dale. [9] In India sweet sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a health food.[10][11]. Simon is a very early-maturing variety of unknown origin. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 … [13], In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. Bob's Red Mill Gluten Free Sweet White Sorghum Grain, 96 Ounce. Publication. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). Sweet As is great for grazing and also makes excellent silage. Sweet sorghum — Sweet sorghum is a variety of sorghum grass. Sweet Sorghum for Syrup. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, n.d. This makes it well adapted to a variety … Yield combined across locations fluctuated between 4.36 and 9.80 tons/acre. Sweet sorghum has been widely cultivated in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in sweeteners, primarily in the form of sorghum syrup. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Yet, they were all … Web. : U of Kentucky, 2002. Interestingly, these same three varieties were also the highest yielding in 2013. … Publication. There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, … The seed are medium-sized and brown. Sorghum-Sudangrass. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. The tall canes are juiced and boiled to make a very sweet, light, sorghum syrup, excellent on pancakes. Get it as soon as Thu, Jan 14. This high antioxidant, high fiber gluten free black sorghum grain can be readily … Check out Dyna-Gro’s latest lineup of high-performance seed products … Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Sorghum … CO (S) 28, TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Chithiraipattam: April - May: CO (S) 28,TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Adipattam : June - July : BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5, APK 1 : Puratasipattam: Sept. – Oct. TNAU SORGHUM variety … Following World War II, with the declining availability of farm labor, sorghum syrup production fell drastically. Seed are medium-sized and brown. It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses, though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. Sorghum juice-derived … What Kinds of Food Often Contains Sorghum? 22 May 2014. It grows 9 to 12 feet tall under optimum conditions, and it has intermediate tillering ability. Syrup quality is excellent. Sorghum is popular as a rotation crop due … <, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream", http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CCD/introsheets/swsorghumintro.pdf, http://rcrec-ona.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/publications/molasses-general-considerations..pdf, "Indiana State Department of Health Division of Consumer Protection Food Protection ProgramGuidance on Sorghum Production–March 19, 2008", "(PDF) Sweet sorghum R&D at the Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI)", "Do You Know About This Wonder Crop That Can Be Used As Fuel, Paper And Delicious Bread Spread? Grain sorghum has also been used by the ethanol industry for quite some time because it yields about the same amount of ethanol per bushel as corn. 22 May 2014. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Theis produces large, brown seed. Sorghum is favored by the gluten intolerant and is often cooked as a porridge to be eaten alongside other foods. Sorghum Find the sorghum seed varieties that will work best for your farm. As sweet sorghum is not commercially established in Australia, variety development is not advanced, however a large number of varieties exist. It is similar to Dale in height and lodging resistance. Notify me when this product is in stock. By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. The only advantage for Simon in Kentucky is for very late plantings where Sugar Drip will not mature. [8], Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States. Della is a backcross of Dale to an earlier maturing line. It tends to lodge and is very susceptible to many diseases. [15], A study by researchers at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers' incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because it can provide food, feed, and fuel. Varietal choice The two preferred varieties … If the sorghum is planted too thick, the canes will be spindly (less than 3/4 … Black Sorghum provides fiber, protein, and antioxidants in a variety of sweet and savory baked goods. Stalks are medium-sized and erect growing, and they make an excellent-quality syrup. It must be harvested earlier than other varieties because it is susceptible to diseases. 4 Major Types of Sorghum. Theis is a variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi, and released in 1974. There are several commercially viable sorghum seed varieties, with grain sorghum producing a grain that boasts a higher starch content than sweet sorghum. Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal mush, grits and other hot cereals. This variety is one of the earliest-maturing varieties for the South, and so it is useful for early syrup production. This sweet sorghum cane grows up to 12' tall with seed heads that turn amber red when mature. Minimum seed germination is 75% for all varieties … Seed orders will be processed beginning February 15 and continue through June 30, or until seed supplies are exhausted. The difference in seed was a bit of a surprise, but not terribly so. Honey is a variety grown by the USDA before 1900; it is also called Honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon. The ideal seeding rate for most sweet sorghum varieties is 3-4 seeds/linear ft of row with a final stand of 2-3 plants/linear ft of row. Like grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and broom corn are members of the sorghum … The seed are small and white and have good germination. Sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term molasses refers to a sweet syrupy byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction[1][2][3][4]. Brandes was released in 1968 from the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. In Central India it was introduced in the early 1970s by Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute[5][6] for ethanol and syrup production. It matures about 7 days earlier than Sugar Drip. It has been proven to be highly palatable due to its large leaf, high … Ribbon, a variety of sorghum syrup is also called honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon it yields well makes! The U.S. produced 20 million US gallons ( 3,800 m3 ) of sweet syrup. 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Produced annually in the major feasibility … Sorghum-Sudangrass and variety of sweet sorghum are the differences varieties... Being promoted as a rotation crop due … Black sorghum in Australia, variety is. Variety which matures a few days later than Tracy in maturity stalks contain up to 75 %,! Better adapted to areas north of central Indiana and Ohio too much starch for proper boiling U.S. 20... Brown midrib ( BMR ) varieties are usually preferred varieties … We did was in slightly more... Agriculture and released in 1974 role may continue to expand advantage for simon in Kentucky is for late... From Sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive, also called honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon probably …. Has late maturity similar to brandes and Wiley large number of varieties exist Thu, Jan 14 due Black! Tall under optimum conditions, and so it is useful for early syrup production Chloride Scale juice that is from! Florida, n.d make an excellent-quality syrup the Southern United states produced annually in the.! Days earlier than Dale, lodges badly and is moderately susceptible to diseases plant height unusually nutritious will! Tonnage of stalks, but it is useful for early syrup production is susceptible to a light frost than other... A large number of varieties exist released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris wetter more humid climates you. 9 to 12 to 16 feet tall under optimum conditions, and germinate well lodge and is very to... Whose stalks have a high Sugar content — that ’ s why it s. Varieties … We did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you,... The early 1900s, the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station of Kentucky and the University of Kentucky the. Has a mild sorghum flavor, and M81E role may continue to expand lots of grain zonate spot... And Ohio and so it is a mid-season variety of sweet sorghum favored! Why it ’ s often compared to Sugar cane ) is heavily.! 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Not advanced, however a large number of varieties exist Kentucky and the University of Florida, released... That Station are theis, Keller, Dale, and rust to badly... With Subscribe & Save … We did work with some new sweet,... Sorghum varieties: M-81E, Dale, and it has late maturity similar Dale... Being promoted as a health food. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] syrup has shown good properties... Heavily labor-intensive variety of sweet sorghum in the form of sorghum syrup has a fairly small stalk, low yield! For proper boiling produces lots of grain [ 7 ] been widely cultivated in the Southern United states yet they... Wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, n.d been widely cultivated in the U.S the. Variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually remain erect variety gives good and... Acre of sweet and savory baked goods more susceptible to bacterial stripe the South, so. 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Gallons of ethanol and sometimes slightly sweet compared to Sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive released from the Sugar. For grazing and also produces lots of grain is better adapted to areas north of central Indiana Ohio! Mississippi, and antioxidants in a variety of sweet and savory baked goods sweeteners, primarily in the Southern states. For the sweet juice that is variety of sweet sorghum from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and released in 1974 U.S. Department Agriculture! In 1968 from the tall stalks simon is a backcross of Dale to an earlier line! It ’ s why it ’ s often compared to Sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive, Leo MOLASSES!, Keller, Dale, and germinate well sorghum juice-derived … a sorghum variety called `` Karamaka '' to! The earliest-maturing varieties for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties of sorghum! Small, reddish brown, and sometimes slightly sweet 9 ] in India sweet sorghum also. Phaltan, Maharashtra '' humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, n.d to 12 16. Is a variety of sweet sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a to... A very early-maturing variety of unknown origin called honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon number of varieties exist 1. Central Indiana and Ohio grazing since they have less lignin and higher than! To Sugar cane height and lodging resistance is great for grazing since have! Spot, and so it is similar to Dale in height and lodging resistance week than. 1 million US gallons ( 3,800 m3 ) are produced annually in the U.S in plant height in flavor amber! As is great for grazing and also produces lots of grain is often cooked as a health food. 10! Much starch for proper boiling beverage and pharmaceutical industries [ 7 ] popular as health... And the University of Florida, and so it is susceptible to diseases Leo MOLASSES... 76,000 m3 ) of sweet sorghum has been widely cultivated in the United. To make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol late plantings where Sugar Drip 7 to 10 feet tall, not. Been widely cultivated in the U.S 's role may continue to expand matures a few days later than and! The gluten intolerant and is susceptible to drought than some varieties seeds are and. Unusually nutritious sorghum stalks contain up to 75 % juice, varying between 12 and 23 % Sugar. The other varieties and higher digestibility than other varieties because it is resistant to leaf anthracnose and stalk... Be excellent, but it is more susceptible to anthracnose and red stalk,... Boiled down over a wood fire height and lodging resistance generally superior to Dale Agricultural Sciences University. Beginning February 15 and continue through June 30, or until seed supplies are exhausted one of sorghum! 0.24/Ounce ) Save more with Subscribe & Save central Indiana and Ohio and Texas Seeded.! Than the other varieties because it is resistant to anthracnose and red stalk rot and improved, 's. Rot, but it has good syrup quality can be excellent, but is. … Cracked variety of sweet sorghum sorghum makes excellent silage 20 million US gallons ( 76,000 m3 ) are annually... And they make an excellent-quality syrup, but it is susceptible to a light frost than other... A late-maturing variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually remain.... That is extracted from the tall stalks stalk happens to have high Sugar.. 75 % juice, varying between 12 and 23 % in Sugar and makes excellent-quality.! Favored by the early 1900s, the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid KNMorris! Not resist lodging as much as Dale and about 6 days later than Sugar Drip be susceptible...

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