Some other adaptations developed by the sea otter are how their feet and tail are shaped. Their thick fur helps keep the animal warm and dry, even when they're floating in the water. Many sea otters live near rocky sea bottoms and shorelines, where marine communities are extremely diverse. Behavioral Adaptations - Sea Otters Sea Otter live in packs that are the same gender as them. All otters have higher metabolic rates than land mammals of similar size, and generate more body heat. They have very good eyes which allow them to see very good underwater and on land (mainly in the water). Taken with tigers? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Researchers have observed giant otters swimming at speeds up to 14.4 kph (9 mph). Sea Otters :: MarineBio Video Library Sea otters, Enhydra lutris (Linnaeus, 1758), are the largest member of the Family Mustelidae (70 species of river otters, skunks, weasels, badgers, etc.) Sea otters have a long tail accounting for nearly a third of their body length and four webbed, clawed feet, which they use to navigate land and catch, break, and eat their prey. and are the smallest marine mammal in North America. By maintaining healthy kelp forests, sea otters also indirectly help to reduce levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide, a prevalent greenhouse gas, as kelp absorbs and sequesters carbon. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Some heat from blood traveling through the arteries is transferred to the venous blood rather than to the environment. Maybe most importantly, sea otters can regulate their body temperature through their feet. There have been many ecologically disruptive consequences from conventional resource management plans. Adaptation of a Sea Otter. Their nose and ears close to keep water out, and they can also regulate their body temperature by moving their feet in and out of the water! The tail comprises less than a third of the body length. Though it is the largest, it isn’t the heaviest. Sensing other animals makes it easier for the sea otter to hunt. The tail is shaped smaller, so that it is able to take up less surface area. One thing the river otter must do is care for that warm, waterproof coat. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Each of these animals live below the ocean surface. Habitat. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Sea otters are mammals that spend most of their lives in the ocean. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. © 2021 SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The hind feet, which provide most of its propulsion in swimming, are long, broadly flattened, and fully webbed. They also have really good eyesight and can see both under water and on land. Sea otters are the heaviest of the 13 otter species (giant otters are the longest). The sea otter's most preferred food is; sea urchins, abalones, and crabs. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The ocean can be a harsh environment, but the sea otter has developed adaptations to help it survive. 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The giant otter shows a variety of adaptations suitable to an amphibious lifestyle, including exceptionally dense fur, a wing-like tail, and webbed feet. Alaska sea otters in the Aleutians commonly forage at depths of 40 m (131 ft.) or more, while California sea otters are seldom found in water deeper than 20 m (66 ft.). Otters are dependent on water, and are thus confined to perennials streams. The sea otter displays numerous adaptations to its marine environment. The key features needed for a conducive sea otter habitat include shallow water with saline marshes. Sea otters often hold their feet out of the water. This system may aid otters in conserving body heat. River otters may travel considerable distances over land between waterways. They move by paddling their hind limbs and sculling with their tails. Th… Like other members of this family, they have very thick fur. Sea otters are usually dark brown, often with lighter guard h… Sea Otter’s tails are smaller than other otters to reduce surface area. This page contains sea otter facts and information, and is part of our Arctic Animals series. The higher metabolic rate necessitates a higher caloric intake. They are usually seen in rocky marine habitats where there is a high abundance of kelp canopy and typically in water depths about 20 m. Kelp canopy is an important habitat component used for resting and foraging. Otters continually groom themselves to maintain a layer of trapped air. Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. Services. Hear animal sounds for animals like anteaters, dolphins, frogs and more. Help it survive attend yet the same temperature of any animal feet, provide! Be as much as 15.5°C ( 60°F ) below their Core temperature Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects what... 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