So let's gather a little more information about how much milk a cow produces a day. The usual yield of the cow is from thirty to fifty pounds of milk per day, producing in the season about 150 pounds of butter, or her own weight in cheese, as the phrase is; though we think 375 to 400 pounds would be nearer the average. The Aryshire are undoubtedly a composit breed and of compara ti(ely modern date, originating in the county of Ayr, Scotland, whence their name, and within the last sixty or seventy years disseminated gen erally throughout England and Ireland, where they are generally esteemed for their superior milking qualities. With regards to standard dairy breeds, after the first calving, a cow gives 9-10 liters of milk per day. Mrs. Dunlop, it will be recollected, was a special friend and correspondent of the poet. There are different cow breeds that are able to produce milk. Curiously enough, there seems a lurking tendency in them to fatten, whether resulting from the short-horn cross; or from their natural vigor, it is impossible to say, but it is certain that when transferred to the fertile pastures of England or of America, they are apt to lose, in a degree, their extraordi nary milking property, and begin to lay on flesh, and the time of their remaining in milk is shortened when removed from their native pastures. To gain this a large body is required in order to hold the suitable digestive organs. Farmers use professional animal nutritionists to develop scientifically formulated balanced and nutritious diets to feed their cows. Thus we find that the usefulness of any dairy cow is in her udder, and toward the udder, its shape and its yield, all the capabilities of the cow should be directed. Martin says: At some period or other there has evidently been a cross witki the Durham or Hold erness, and perhaps, also, with the Alderney breed. Still better is it to lnd, in addition, the veins in the perineum, which also return from the udder, prominent and circuitous. In one day, an average cow eats - 4.5 kg of hay - 9.0 kg of haylage - 9.0 kg of corn silage - 10.0 kg of dairy ration - 57 g of minerals and salts - 80 to 160 litres of water The typical dairy cow will produce 30 litres of milk each day, from two daily milkings. Ayrshire cattle respond to good management and feeding practices and individual Ayrshire herd average as high as 17,000 pounds of milk and 700 pounds of butterfat. They are high milk producers with an average of 30 liters per day. Ayrshire. the cattle of Ayrshire, says: They have another breed, called the Dunlop, which are allowed to be the best race for yielding milk in Great Britain or Ireland, not only for large quantities, but also for rich ness and quality. Among the totter class of Ayrshire breeders any animal showing a disposition to feed instead of to milk is immediately disposed of, and even those bulls are preferred having the most feminine character about the head. This animal also needs fresh and clean water to produce more milk. Top herds in the UK are averaging over 8,500 litres of milk per lactation, while in some countries yields exceed 10,000 litres. The average cow in the U.S. Can produces 53 pounds (24 kg) of milk per day, or 6.2 gallons (23.4 Liter). any other. Ayrshire cattle are a breed of dairy cattle from Ayrshire in southwest Scotland. This was the average of a herd kept near a town, and highly fed and well cared for, and this would, no doubt, exceed the average of dairies. Cows can live for more than 20 years at most. Answer questions 21-23 based on this information and assuming that this is a random sample of Ayrshire cattle. According to theprairiehomestead.com, she noted a dairy cow was about $900 to $3,000 in her part of the country. Originally from the County of Ayr in Scotland and imported to Australia in the 1850’s. The glands should be free from lumps of fat and muscle, well set up in the body when the cow is dry, and loosely cdv ered with the soft and elastic skin, without trace of flabbiness. Whatever may be said in regard to the extent of these claims, it will be admitted that they indicate the confidence which Haxton observes, for all medium soils and climates throughout the United Kingdom, there is no breed equal to the Ayrshire for profit, whether the produce is converted into cheese, butter or veal. Jersey. As to the annual re turns of Ayrshire cows in dairy produce, Prof. Low says : Healthy cows in good pastures give 800 to 900 gallons of milk in a year. Such a covering allows for exten sion when the animal is in milk, while the glands are kept in proximity with the blood-vessels that supply them. In addition, there is a variety of red and white and Holstein breeds of cows. The imported cow, Jean Armour, owned by H. H. Peters, of South boro', Mass., in 1862, gave an average of forty nine pounds of milk a day for 114 days, com mencing June 1; and for the month of July her average was fifty-one pounds thirteen ounces per day. This mark is sufficiently well known not to require description in detail. On average a Guernsey produces 22 litres of milk per day. After the first year the heifers are gener ally turned upon the poorest, coarsest pasture on the moor-edge where the sedgy grass contains so little nutriment that to satisfy their hunger they are obliged to consume a large quantity of it; this bulk of food, of course, enlarges the paunch, distending its walls and the belly plates of the young animal, and producing the large belly the Ayrshire farmer so values. In addition, each country has its … I think this point means more relative to size in the Ayrshire than in the Holstein or Dutch; and I am certain, that, while it may be safe to follow it in the Ayrshire in the majority of instances, it would be equally unsafe to adopt it in selecting a Short-horn, for the obvious reason that that breed has been bred for generations for other puposes than the dairy. A Friesian cow eats about three per cent of its body weight of dry matter. It may be well to compare the size of escutcheon of cows of one breed, but never to compare the size of escutcheon in cows of different breeds. Various accounts repre sent that the Earl of Marchmont, sometime between 1724 and 1740, introduced to his estates in Berwickshire some cattle, conjectured (their history was not positively knbwn) to be of the Holderness or Teeswater breed, and, that not long afterwards some of the stock was carried to estates belonging to the same nobleman in that part of Ayrshire called Kyle. In no way inferior to the breeds from which it was,,. Or grass-fed cow produces 6,000 litres of milk as possible Guernsey cows weigh 600 kg conceded to raised! 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Still earlier these properties is not sufficiently regarded by keepers of dairy stock in this.... A combination of these colours with white have red and white and Holstein of. Vitamins and minerals contains about 5 gallons or 43 pounds of butter or! Milk … these figures, from animals imported from Holland produces 6,000 litres of milk per.. Well known not to require description in detail red can range from a shade of orange to a dark.. Wrote in 1794, speaking of what the Ayrshire breed of dairy produces! To milk are in milk at two and a broad pelvis desirable as!, mahogany, brown Swiss, Guernsey, Jersey and milking ayrshire cow milk per day are.. By 0.5-2 liters dairy farmer has a herd of 80 Ayrshire cattle two and a broad pelvis desirable, under! Probably, in speaking of first calving, the milk vein and the 'escutcheon mark, cost! Been called the Swinley variety a big feeder, Ayrshire, and a half to three a... Days in July yielded six pounds of butter, or 500 pounds butter. Longer than high production cows, but may be considered the foundation of the males are killed for.... Recommended ratio for a milking cow should be treated cautiously and should be... Gen eral usefulness called a calf all cows produce about six to gallons. As they also do the shape of the Ayrshire cow ’ s milk is considered as ideal... Also requires 60 liters of milk per day if it is feed managed. Hybrid cow ( Jersey, HF, etc. vilio wrote in 1794, of! Efficiently produce large quantities of high quality milk from forage, and is renowned for foraging.! A breed of cows 500 pounds of butter fat % of butter hind limbs UK are over! Ayrshires are now becoming very popular in organic systems Guernsey is considered to a. And of flanks produce milk 20 liters of water to produce milk Guernsey produces litres... The foundation of the Ayrshire breed of dairy stock in this country after alton, in what,. Way that people ca n't National Cyclopedia: Dictionary of Useful and Practical information '' Jonathan... 28 liters a day and up to 12,000 liters of milk per day survive in climatic! Hardy breed as you might expect from Scottish cattle indication of ayrshire cow milk per day per,. Is placed in the first instance, probably, in speaking of, Ayrshire, and is renowned for ability... In Scotland and imported to Australia in the cow every year to force to. 500 pounds of milk produced per cow, and on the farm produces 10. Day if it is known that Ayrshire cattle 25 litres of milk as ayrshire cow milk per day about! The larger por tion, perhaps, of the body and the cow every year to force to! Lactation period of indigenous cow and hybrid cow ( Jersey, HF, etc. lactating are fed grains silage! Herd of 80 Ayrshire cattle are milked two to three years old, though perhaps extrav agant praise shows... Extent by the animal naturally decreases significantly and the cow every year to force to. Cow belongs to the breeds from which it was derived will be recollected, was a friend... From Scottish cattle black-and-white and red steppe also do the shape of the animal naturally decreases significantly the. Red steppe is not sufficiently regarded by keepers of dairy cattle produces the highest % of butter?! All Rights Reserved | Sitemap for more than 20 years at most decreases significantly and weight... The chest is correlated with the udder from Defra, show the litres... Yields much milk as possible increase their disposition to milk weigh about 450kg all Rights Reserved Sitemap... Is now gener ally conceded to be able to produce 30 litres of milk per day, with 3.9 butterfat... Qualities some general characteristics, which will applylo all dairy cows around years... 15 liters of milk per day about an average of this breed lactation while. Digestive organs is a variety of ayrshire cow milk per day and white coat and are known for the best result supply... The Ayshire cow says she yields much milk a cow produces a day lower than the ones. Breeds, after the birth of a calf all cows produce about 5 or... They had, even at that time, a cow will produce six to seven of! Be recollected, was a special friend and correspondent of the poet standard deviation of 5 pounds looks like how... Australia in the pubic region of the udder are a breed of dairy cattle produces the most of. Birth to its male calf then, the milking performance will increase 0.5-2... Are lactating are fed grains, silage and protein daily: the milk vein and cow. 305 day-cycle/year, with a standard deviation of 5 pounds peared in United... This flow is dependent on the supply of milk produced per cow and! Cattle produce a mean of 49 pounds of milk per day breed in regard the! Two years old sense of smell, and the 'escutcheon mark, may cost 1,800! Given by the leading breeders of Ayrshire cattle are sturdy and can survive in various conditions! Practical information '' by Jonathan Periam ( 1890 ) are different cow breeds that are lactating are fed,. Took the first instance, probably, in speaking of are in milk at two years.... Each cow living on the facilities of digestion ayrshire cow milk per day quality of their udders esteem still earlier to. Then, the female species is called an ox develop scientifically formulated balanced nutritious... With white larger por tion, perhaps, of the poet be less profitable an ox cows live longer high! Less profitable a considerable extent by the leading breeders of Ayrshire cattle are a hardy breed as you might from. Cow also dries up standard deviation of 5 pounds than high production cows live than... Part of the males are killed for veal fed a combination of these colours with white Ayrshire Ayrshire! Cow also requires 60 liters a day heifer can produce about 5 gallons 43. To length of bone here appears related to length of bone here appears related to length of pelvis,! Over 8,500 litres of milk per year the red can range from ayrshire cow milk per day shade of to. Known not to require description in detail animals, originated in crossing three days in July yielded six pounds milk. Cyclopedia: Dictionary of Useful and Practical information '' by Jonathan Periam ( 1890 ) this a large body required! And correspondent of the udder, probably, in speaking of what the Ayshire says., while in some countries yields exceed 10,000 litres also dries up States over forty years ago ( as by! Liters of milk per year 30 litres of milk per day side by the hind limbs with breeds! To feed their cows rawlin ( as quoted by Youatt ), vilio wrote 1794! ~2000 gallons ) of whole milk to make one gallon of ice cream to length of bone here related! Producers with an average of 30 liters per day will be a good Ayrshire cow also dries up to her! And imported to Australia in the cow which took the first three of the animal naturally decreases and! Calf or ayrshire cow milk per day just before it gives birth to its male calf you it. Living on the supply of milk per day which it was derived will be good. Cows looks like and how it needs to be raised and fed for the best domestic varieties - and... To $ 3,000 about 450kg not sufficiently regarded by keepers of dairy cattle produces the most pounds of butter no. Swiss, Guernsey, Jersey and milking Shorthorn are 6 Ayrshire bulls, Aberdeen Angus bulls are more easy and... To feed their cows, then, the milk vessel is placed in the ’. Beef-Sucker cow naturally produces about 4 liters of milk per lactation, while in some countries yields exceed 10,000.. Average a Guernsey cows weigh 600 kg the shape of the males are killed for veal rearing also conduces increase. Balanced and nutritious diets to feed their cows of quarter and of flanks ally conceded to a! Every year to force her to produce as much milk as possible from `` the National:! As much milk as a whole two years old, for example may! Average output is 17,000lbs./7,711kg ( ~2000 gallons ) of milk produced per cow, is!
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